Diabetes

Top 10 Complications You May Get If You Have Diabetes

  1. Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is the condition of having a low blood glucose. The condition can occur as a normal part of your diabetes treatment. This condition is caused by taking too much medication, exercising too hard or failing to eat properly. The treatment for it is additional glucose in some form.

 

  1. Ketoacidosis

This condition is a result of very high glucose in the blood, combined with large amounts of acid. Symptoms of Ketoacidosis are nausea and vomiting, rapid breathing, drowsiness, and weakness. This complication is best diagnosed and treated by a physician.

 

  1. Hyperosmolar Syndrome

This is a condition where your blood glucose level is as high as it possibly can be. This is a medical emergency that needs to be treated in a hospital. Symptoms of this condition include weakness, decreased mental awareness, leg cramps, and thirst. If left untreated, some cases lead to paralysis of the arms and legs.

 

  1. Kidney Disease

Although initially, after first being diagnosed with diabetes, the kidney will appear to be working extraordinarily well, this is only because the kidney is swollen. As time passes, the kidney is unable to filter as much blood as it should and this can lead to kidney disease.

 

  1. Hypertension

This is a condition more commonly known as high blood pressure and controlling it can reduce the amount of damage done to your kidneys.

 

  1. Diabetic Eye Disease

This condition increases as a person’s kidney disease increases. There is a direct correlation between the two in that it is always present when the kidneys enter failure. The formal term for this condition is retinopathy.

 

  1. Diabetic Nerve Disease

Called neuropathy, this condition will become more severe as kidney disease becomes worse. Once dialysis is completed by the patient,  neuropathy can disappear. This would suggest that this condition is caused by the presence of impurities in the body, rather than nervous system damage.

 

  1. Glaucoma and Cataracts

The second major organ of the body to be attacked by diabetes, in the long term, is the eyes. Though these two conditions also exist in people who do not have diabetes, their rate of occurrence is much higher in those with diabetes. Both conditions respond well to treatment.

 

  1. Disorders of Sensation

This condition is a result of damaged nerves and can have an impact on many nerves or just a few. It can lead to the inability to feel pain and temperature loss and the inability to feel light touches. Disorders of Sensation can be accompanied by a tingling or burning sensation as well.

 

  1. Polyradiculopathy-diabetic amyotrophy

This condition creates a mixture of pain and the loss of muscle strength. It becomes impossible for the patient to straighten the knee when the disease affects the upper leg muscles. Generally, this condition does not last long but some cases have lasted for years.